Friday, December 27, 2019
The Controversy of Capital Punishment Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is a form of punishment that has been used as far back as the Colonial Era in America. Although it has been around for the entirety of American history, most of the scrutiny and controversy involving capital punishment arose in the 1972 Supreme Court Case of Furman v. Georgia, in which it was abolished, but quickly returned in 1977. It is evident that many citizens have ambivalent stances on capital punishment; some believing it is necessary form of punishment while others believe that the death penalty is a violation of the Eighth Amendment. Although capital punishment has been used throughout history and is seen by many as a form of justified punishment, there are many reasons in favor of ending the death penalty completely. Capital punishment is an unnecessary evil that should be found unconstitutional because of it is not practical, it is corrupt, and it is unable to deter further homicides from being committed. A brief history explaining the verdicts made by the Supreme Court regarding capital punishment in American history needs to be made to understand why capital punishment has become such a national issue in contemporary America. In the 1972 Supreme Court case Furman v. Georgia, the court ruled that the, Ã¢â¬Å"carrying out of the death penaltyÃ¢â¬ ¦constitutes cruel and unusual punishment,Ã¢â¬ (Hugo 1). Since the death penalty was considered at the time cruel and unusual, it made it in directShow MoreRelatedCapital Punishment and its Controversies 1434 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCapital punishment uses death penalty as a form of punishment in many states and countries. It is a practice that has raised endless questions all over the world. Capital punishment or death penalty policy has changed in many countries overtime. Countries such as, New Australia, Zealand and 15 states in the US do not have capital punishment. One of the major concerns arising with capital punishment is because it causes ending of a human life. People and organizations of different backgrounds areRead MoreCapital Punishment Controversy1553 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlthough it is argued that capital punishment is a strong deterrent to crimes and serves as a just punishment, nevertheless, capital punishment should be abolished because it is a violation of human rights, carries a risk of executing innocent people, is a burden on taxpayerÃ¢â¬â¢s money and is discriminant in application. Capital punishment has been argued to be a violation of human rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948 recognizesRead MoreCapital Punishment Is Not A Longstanding Controversy Essay1151 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhether capital punishment is fair or not a longstanding controversy. Currently the punishment has still been carried out in some countries, such as China and the United States. Numbers of capital punishment in China is in the first place, compared to other countries (Sterbenz, 2014). However, 98 countries have abolished capital punishment (Amnesty International facts and figures on the death penalty, 2007). Although most of countries have no capital punishment to crimes, it is still argued whetherRead MoreEssay on The Controversy of Capital Punishment.2184 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Controversy of Capital Punishment Since the earliest times, man has struggled with the concept of justice. The controversy of capital punishment has weighed on the minds of humans since the beginning. When we are wronged it is our natural instinct to demand compensation. This thirst for revenge can be seen in the earliest civilizations and societies. Ancient Hammurabi code states Ã¢â¬Å"An eye for an eye, a tooth for a toothÃ¢â¬ (History of the World). For many people this little axiom seemsRead MoreThe Controversy Over Capital Punishment2295 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe controversy with capital punishment has been debated for hundreds of years. The Supreme Court is likely to sway its opinion often about whether it should be abolished or instituted throughout the United States. There have been many court cases and lawsuits regarding this issue that has suggested that legislation would be the most effective way to ending the discussion once and for all. In order to abolish the death penalty, the majority has to agree in support of abolition for any legislatureRead MoreCapital Punishment : The Nation S Controversy3247 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: THE NATIONÃ¢â¬â¢S CONTROVERSY Matthew Isaac Political Science 102 Dr. Percival May 10, 2015 A rarity exists in a single topic that can cause a degree of controversy so large that it attracts politicians, judges, community organizers, economists and even religious officials to discuss it. This issue is one that some support and others oppose; that is, the issue of capital punishment. Capital punishment is loosely defined as the execution of an offenderRead MoreCapital Punishment Has Always Been A Major Controversy1710 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCapital punishment has always been a major controversy ever since the Supreme Court ruled it constitutional. Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, became extremely popular as a use of Ã¢â¬Å"punishmentÃ¢â¬ for ones illegal actions. The death penalty was first established during 1834 for crimes committed such as Ã¢â¬Å"idolatry, witchcraft, blasphemy, murder, manslaughter, poisoning, bestiality, sodomy, adultery, man stealing, and false witness in case rebellionÃ¢â¬ (Bohm). According to BohmÃ¢â¬â¢s articleRead MoreThe Death Penalty: Multiple Methods of Execution1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages A metal skullcap attached to your head, and then youÃ¢â¬â¢re blind folded. What might be going through your head? Were you wrongly convicted, or did you deserve death? There are two sides to every issue. While some say the death penalty is a flawed punishment method because it is irreversible, and innocent people have undoubtedly been put to death, others say the death penalty is a humane method of punishing brutal killers by granting them a quick and painless death. Background and Facts Although thereRead MoreThe Importance Of Capital Punishment In The United States990 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages2017). Although the State of California has the highest number of inmates awaiting execution, California has only utilized capital punishment thirteen times since the 1972 Supreme Court moratorium on capital punishment was lifted in 1976 (Statistics, 2017). According to the Death Penalty Information Center (2017), race plays a role in determining sentencing in capital punishment cases (p. 11). Thus, in the State of California and Washington State, jurors were three times as likely to recommend theRead MoreThoughtful Reasoning For The Ultimate Punishment1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLinda Chin Mr. Hoague AP Lit and Comp, Period 1 14 October 2015 Thoughtful Reasoning for the Ultimate Punishment Only the most dangerous criminals in the world are faced with societyÃ¢â¬â¢s ultimate penalty, or at least that is the theory. Capital punishment, commonly referred to as the Death Penalty has been debated for many decades regarding if such a method is ethical. While there are large amounts of supporters for the death penalty as a form of retribution, the process is avoidable financially
Thursday, December 19, 2019
The Foreign Miners in the American Gold Rush One Saturday night, a mob of masked men, who numbered forty to sixty, approached a small house. Arriving at the house, they dragged two slumbering men from their bunks and hustled them from the house, without even allowing them to put on their clothes, and started to kick and beat them. One of the invaders drew his pistol and shot at one of the victims. The bullet pierced the body of the man and inflicted a terrible wound. Both men who were attacked that night died. This event occurred in Rico, a camp in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado on May 13, 1882. The two Chinese miners that inhabited the village were kicked, cuffed, and dragged over the ground by the hair of their heads, clubbedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Marshall at Sutters Mill in 1848. The discovery of gold was one of the most remarkable events in the history of the American West because it stimulated worldwide migration to the area. The Gold Rush began as soon as the news about the discovery of gold spread throughout the country. The rush exploded within just a few years and continued to attract numerous people for the following decades. The rushes occurred in many places: In the 1850s, it came to Virginia City, Nevada, and Cherry Creek Colorado. In the 1860s it came to Montana and Wyoming. And, in the 1870s, it came to the Black Hill of South Dakota (Hine Faracher 197). Randall E. Rohe indicated that the major gold rush in the American West attracted from 10,000 to 100,000 people per year (Dirlik 3). The census in 1848 shows 26,000 people lived in California, but in 1860, the total rose to 380,000 (Nugent 63). It was the opportunity for employment that attracted workers from foreign countries, as well as America, to the mines of the West. The mining industry was the largest source of jobs in the world at that time. Many mines were in need of laborers; everyone could get a job if they wanted to. The sense of adventure also attracted many people (Milner 206). The fortune seekers who had a desire to be rich by digging gold clustered in mining camps in the west. However, being a miner in the California gold Rush was a tremendously challenging experience. The life in the tunnels was not always exciting.Show MoreRelatedThe Gold Rush And Discrimination1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Gold Rush and Discrimination California is the state that well known with the largest population in the United State, and it is the most culturally and racially diverse society.When walking in the street, it can see different kinds of races and hear many different languages. Ã¢â¬Å"Melting potÃ¢â¬ is a good definition to explain this diverse phenomenon, which describes that the lost of different cultures living together harmoniously in a common society. Actually, numbers of these different culturalRead MoreHistory And Effect Of The Gold Rush1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageseffect of The Gold Rush Gold Rush is one of the significant event in the history. In this project, I will introduce what is the major effects of the Gold Rush in the California. And how did that change the people, economic, political and environmental effects. The Gold Rush is a rapid movement of people to a newly discovered Goldfield. Gold rush was arguably one of the most significant events to build American history during the first half of the 19th century. Thousands of gold miners traveled byRead MoreHistory And Effect Of The Gold Rush1559 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageseffect of The Gold Rush Gold Rush is one of the significant event in the history. In this project, I will introduce what is the major effects of the Gold Rush in the California and how it changed the people, economic, political and environmental effects. The Gold Rush was a rapid movement of people to a newly discovered Goldfield. The Gold Rush was arguably one of the most significant events to build American history during the first half of the 19th century. Thousands of gold miners traveled by theRead MoreThe California Gold Rush Was Real1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1848, an American sawmill operator and carpenter by the name of James Marshall began his daily work at SutterÃ¢â¬â¢s Mill in California. At the adjacent American River, Marshall made a shocking discovery. He saw not one, but multiple pieces of gold scattered around, flowing in the river. Excited by this discovery, Marshall ran back to the mill, and began to conduct various tests to see if the gold was real. This alarming discovery ended up s tarting what is now known as the California Gold Rush, a hugeRead MoreEssay on A History of the California Gold Rush1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCalifornia Gold Rush was the significant national event of its time (California Gold Rush: A Look to the Past). This legendary story begins with one man. John Sutter, one of the richest people in the area, moved to California 1839 with the intent on building his own private empire. Sutter welcomed newcomers to the area because he viewed them as subjects for his self-styled kingdom. In the late 1840s, James Marshall and about 20 men were sent to the river by Sutter to build a sawmill (The Gold Rush)Read MoreAn outline for term paper on Gold Rush1484 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI will discuss how the Gold Rush, more than any other single event, impacted the social, economic, and political nature of the West Coast and the United States. I will break down the social, economic, and political ramifications of the Gold Rush on (a) the region, and (b) the United States as a whole. I. Economic A. Region 1. Too much money in California a. Gold was plentiful b. Gold was free for taking 2. Too little of everything else(Supply and Demand) a. Necessities more money (i.e. food)Read MoreThe California Gold Rush Essay1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCalifornia Gold Rush 5/1/13 The California Gold Rush Before the Gold Rush of 1849, California was a sparsely populated, unimportant territory of the United States mostly inhabited by the people of Mexico. However, that all changed when on January 24, 1848; carpenter and small time sawmill operator James W. Marshall discovered a gold nugget in the American River that would forever change the history of California and America1. Not only did the Gold Rush lead to CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Gold Rush Of California1791 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesOn January 24, 1848 John W. Marshall discovered gold in California, which set its foundation for CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s future success. The Gold Rush gave CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s popular motto of, Ã¢â¬Å"EurekaÃ¢â¬ meaning Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ve found it.Ã¢â¬ Also, the Gold Rush drew attention to California drawing cultures from around the world to seek better opportunities and make a greater extent of money than they would ever come across. This created CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s population to experience an influx during the 1840Ã¢â¬â¢s. Although it increased populationRead MoreSan Francisco Social Inequality Essay1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 PageslandÃ¢â¬â¢s importance, the United States initiated its first military campaign on foreign soil in the year of 1846 Ã¢â¬â today this event is known as the Mexican War (History 2009). By and large, the war continued until 1848 Ã¢â¬â its victory awarded America with the new territory, which marked the beginning of economic advancement of the west. Perhaps, 1848 also marked the beginning of social inequality. Upon the discovery of gold in California, thousands of fortune-dwellers migrated to San Francisco. In factRead MoreThe California Gold Rush Of 18493068 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesThe California Gold Rush of 1849 was a very influential event in U.S history. It all started in 1848, in Coloma, California, when a man named James Marshall (See Appendix A) was working on a sawmill for a man named John Sutter (See Appendix B). He was working near a river and something caught his eye. When he went to investigate, he realized that he had discovered pure gold! Marshall wanted to keep this a secret between him and his boss, but word spread quickly, and eventually the whole world knew
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
, Research Paper The Role of Computers in Chemistry Over the last few decennaries, the engineering of computing machines has improved in springs and bounds. Computers have become faster and easier to utilize, taking msecs to make the computations which one time had to be done by manus. There are several countries of chemical science where computing machines have played a important function, a few of them I will discourse. In man-made chemical science it is really of import to cognize what compounds you have created. Chemists rely on spectroscopic techniques to analyze compounds they have made. Nuclear magnetic resonance, mass, infra ruddy and extremist violet spectroscopy all depend on computing machines to command the sensitive equipment and obtain and enter elaborate measurings. These analytical techniques have allowed chemists to place the exact construction of compounds, which was antecedently guesswork based on observations from chemical belongingss. Molecular multitudes are known to the mcg, which would be impossible without the assistance of the computing machine. We will write a custom essay sample on The Role Of Computers In Chemistry Essay or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It is obvious that computing machines are of import in taking measurings but they can besides be used to foretell measurings. There is some really powerful package available for foretelling physical belongingss of compounds. Bond lengths, runing points, vibrational frequences and belongingss such as solubility can be predicted utilizing dedicated package based on theories known. Software like this can assist you to? design? a molecule to the specific demands of the chemist. Without the package, it would take hours of computations to foretell the belongingss. Another of import country of chemical science is analyzing informations obtained from experiments, to look for forms to turn out theories. This can be done by manus, but involves a batch of computations, which is clip devouring and apt to errors. Analysing information is frequently best done utilizing a spreadsheet. Spreadsheets can rapidly work out computations and secret plan graphs demoing a pictural representation of the informations more easy than any human could. Spreadsheets are normally really good at ciphering the equation of a best-fit line of a graph, which is frequently of import in chemical science. Having used computing machines to obtain accurate informations, it seems reasonable to hive away it where it can easy be retrieved for mention. It could be stored on paper, filed off in alphabetical order. This is all right until the chemist wants to happen informations on a group of compounds such as the intoxicants, or those with a runing point of over 100oC. This is where storage of the informations electronically, utilizing a database, becomes really utile. This makes the searching of informations really easy for different standards such as temperatures, solubility or mass. For illustration if a mass spectrum produced a parent ion mass of 175, so the database could be searched for all those with the matching mass to try to happen a lucifer. If you couldn? t find the right informations in your database, could you look at person else? s? This leads me on to communications and the sharing of informations. Networks are really utile in big companies. They allow communicating between different computing machines, and more significantly, the exchange of informations. This means a company could hold a cardinal database with all the records. This has several advantages. First, the consistence of informations. There aren? t 50 transcripts of the same database spread around the company, which can be altered and updated independently of each other taking to incompatibilities. Accessing the same database means everyone gets the same information. Besides, because it is on a web waiter, it can be accessed from any computing machine connected to the web. Network size can run from a few computing machines in a room connected to a waiter, to a company with several sites worldwide. The most extended web is the World Wide Web, or Internet. This has besides provided a valuable communicating nexus, efficaciously linking tonss of webs together. The Internet has allowed the transportation thoughts, with online conferences being held across the universe without anyone of all time holding to go forth their computing machine screens. Large companies normally have their ain web page. It provides information about the company and contacts but besides doubles up as a signifier of advertisement. In the last decennary the storage capablenesss of media has greatly increased. Gone are the yearss of 5.25? discs, now we are into CD-ROM? S and DVD? s which can keep huge sums of informations. Multimedia presentations have given us a new manner of larning. They include a broad scope of media types ( hence multimedia ) such as picture, artworks, sound and text, besides leting the user to interact with the plan and hopefully supply a better manner of acquisition. As the velocity of computing machines has increased, the rate of advancement in research has increased excessively, demoing how of import the usage of computing machines in chemical science is. Without them we would non hold such a good apprehension of chemical science. 34c
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Shakespeare Assignment: Romeo and Juliet Paper Romeo and Juliet is a play of many themes. Like most of Shakespeares plays, it has a main plot with many subtexts, the main plot being related to love and tragedy. The story is set in Verona, Italy in the 16thcentury. It is about two young lovers, each from two different feuding families the Montagues and the Capulets which have a historical hatred for each other. It is a deeply heart-touching tragedy when two star-crossd lovers, who are desperate to be together, are torn apart by a downward spiral of events. From love to hate and from life to death are the themes Shakespeare has based Romeo and Juliet on, as well as the most important one, fate. Fate is used right from the start of the play in chorus. Fate is used a lot in the play, this is because when the play was written people of those times were incredibly superstitious and believed in curses. A pair of star crossd lovers, take their life: right from the beginning the audience knows that two people are destined to meet it is fate, something bad will happen to them. Here Shakespeare is using Greek Mythology, the Greeks they also believed in a lot of fate and star crossed lovers, but here again Shakespeare is being optimistic, he also knows that the Elizabethan audience believe in fate and how once things are destined they happen no matter what. We will write a custom essay sample on Shakespeare Assignment: Romeo and Juliet specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Shakespeare Assignment: Romeo and Juliet specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Shakespeare Assignment: Romeo and Juliet specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Act 3, is right in the middle of the 5 acts that composed the play, containing the climax of the play. It is the pivotal scene. The first two acts build up to the climax and the last two follow down from it. Act 3 is essential to the play as a whole as this is the emotional and action-packed high point of the play, with mixed emotions of love, fate and tragedy. The general contrast of love and hate in the play is very clear in this scene. Shakespeare establishes the setting of this scene through the initial dialogue between Benvolio and Mercutio, using dramatic devices such as metaphors to express the emotions between the characters, and creating a tense atmosphere between them This Scene is very important scene for many reasons; many people talk it about as the turning point in the play. This is due to the incidents and outcomes that occur in the scene. But this is also due to the placing of the scene; its structured in the middle of the five-act play allowing the scene to change the storys events in one scene. This scene is a crucial turning point as feelings explode into an array of hatred and love, when characters personalities shine through and when others lives are cut short. Shakespeare uses fantastic techniques to draw the audience into the play. He uses oxymorons, puns, alliteration and rhyming couplets, which are all used to brilliant effect in Act 3 Scene 1, and help to develop characters, add humour and define feelings. Shakespeare brings feelings like hate and anger to a new un-explored level. Now we set the scene for act 3 scene1, the most crucial scene in the play it drives the play from a humour and comedy to sadness and grief in this scene we learn how the actors actions are influenced and intervened with fate. At this point in the play the audience had already met our leading characters: Romeo, Mercutio, Benvolio and Tybalt. They also have learnt how they react to certain things for example Tybalt; he is always picking a fight for no apparent reason. We also see that how the heat and intensity of the weather is reflected in the characters personality and how it creates tension and causes dramatic effect on the audience. Benvolio and Mercutio are in the town square, the heat is intense, scorching and blistering this already makes the audience feel the tension even before the characters say a word. This is a contrasting setting to the previous scene where Romeo and Juliet are getting married. In this scene the atmosphere is cool, calm and happy. Shakespeare does this is in an attempt to add drama to the scene, Benvolio is aware that a combination of the hot weather and Mercutios hot temperament may lead to trouble with the Capulets. I pray thee, good Mercutio, lets retire: The day is hot, the Capulets are aboard, and, if we meet, we shall not scape a brawl, for now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring. The language used by Benvolio here is peaceful and he wishes not to argue with Mercutio, but to merely leave and avoid trouble. Mercutio sees this as an opportunity for humorous argument with Benvolio, as he usually does, Come, come, thou art as hot as a jack in thy mood as any in Italy; and as soon moved to be moody, and as soon moody to be moved. The language here is of a comedic and slightly provoking style. Shakespeare uses this type and style and language to indicate to the audience that something dramatic is yet to happen, Romeo and Juliet play is based around the hatred of the Montagues and the Capulets. Hatred is crucial in this play because it is the main theme of the play; hate controls the play and shows the consequences to peoples violent actions. The Montague and Capulet family demonstrate hatred and violence as soon as they are introduced to the audience. The families seem to be in competition with each other. We are not told why or when this quarrel began but we are told it is an ancient grudge, a constant conflict between the two names. They are very alike and well known throughout Verona. The people of Verona are aware of the grudge between the two families. Mercutio accuses Benvolio of being a trouble maker by saying inappropriate things about him. Thou wilt quarrel with a man for cracking nuts, having no other reason but because thou hast hazel eyesThou hast quarrelled with a man for coughing in the street, because he hath wakened thy dog that hath lain asleep in the sunThis shows us Mercutios blatant disregard for the truth just so he can argue and provoke other people. Also, these statements are ironic, because they are actually about him but he is pinpointing them on Benvolio. At this point the audience know that it is Mercutio who wishes to quarrel and not Benvolio. He is saying that Benvolio is such a peace maker that he would never quarrel with anyone over something ridiculous. Shakespeare is basically saying that young that young men fight for no reason and just fight to prove that they are better than each other. When we first meet Mercutio we see him as being calm and relaxed. He is trying to cheer up his friend Romeo as he is love struck. He shows he cares by saying Nay gentle Romeo we must have you dance. The qualities that Mercutio portray are being kind and considerate. The tone of language that Mercutio uses is one of a very friendly and relaxed nature. He is not acting in a way that should attract attention towards him. He is very restrained and is acting in a normal manner. Then Mercutio starts to mock Romeo by referring to classical references of love, because at this point Romeo is deeply in love with Roseline. You are a lover; borrow cupids wings. When Mercutio says this we admire him for his wit and cleverness but we dont like the way he is mocking his friend. By referring to words like cupid we automatically think of love which we admire. Also to mock his friend Mercutio also refers to physical views of love. By saying If love be rough with you be rough with love, he shows us tha t he has a vulgar mind and that he sees love more physical than spiritual (Romeo sees love spiritually). Mercutio also shows his spontaneity and creativity very vividly. The Queen Mabth speech goes from being a speech with a fairytale quality to a speech with very violent images. Her wagon-spokes made of long spiders legs, shows this magical quality, while and then dreams of cutting foreign throats, has the opposite affect and is very violent. Mercutios famous Queen Mab speech is important for the stunning quality of its poetry and for what it reveals about Mercutios character, but it also has some interesting thematic implications. Mercutio is trying to convince Romeo to set aside his lovesick melancholy over Rosaline and come along to the Capulet feast. When Romeo says that he is depressed because of a dream, Mercutio launches on a lengthy, playful description of Queen Mab, the fairy who supposedly brings dreams to sleeping humans. The main point of the passage is that the dreams Queen Mab brings are directly related to the person who dreams them-lovers dream of love, soldiers of war, etc. But in the process of making this rather prosaic point Mercutio falls into a sort of wild bitterness in which he seems to see dreams as destructive and delusional. Mercutios name comes from the word Mercury which suggests that Mercutio is not only fast with movement but is also fast with words. His name also means Messenger of the Gods, which also means that he is a powerful man. The arrival of Tybalt brings a lot of tension to the scene. Benvolios fear comes true as the Capulets approach; Benvolio forewarns Mercutio; Here by my head, here come the Capulets! Benvolio is panic stricken ,here we notice Shakespeares use of exclamation mark, this would cause the actor on stage to act like he is panic stricken, causing the audience to feel the further build up of tension. Mercutio being Mercutio says he doesnt care; By my heel I care not. Here again we see lots of word play; Shakespeare using body parts to contrast and compare for example the head is the most important and the heel is the least we also see Mercutio mocking Benvolio putting all his effort to Waste. Mercutio thinks of Tybalt as very good swordsman, who keeps in time, distance and proportions. He is a duellist, a gentleman He makes a big deal of sword fighting being as precise as music; he could cut through any shirt button you chose. Mercutio also thinks that Tybalt is a poser a very tall man, also a very good whore! These fashion manges, these pardon-mes, who stand so much on the new form, that they cannot sit at ease on the old bench He is implying that a man who wears clothes so tight must be very effeminate and proud of his body like a women, who shows off her body to appeal to men, he is saying that Tybalt is homosexual, because of the way he dresses, and he must have great difficulty in sitting down. In the play Mercutio uses words such as alla stoccata and passado because they are fencing terms. Mercutio uses these words because he is mocking Tybalt as Mercutio thinks he fights by the book of arithmetic, meaning he fights accurately without permission. Tybalt wants to fight Romeo in Act 3 scene 1 because they have learnt to hate each other while growing up, because the quarrel is an ancient grudge. A family name is very a precious feature, they believed they had to honour their family name and be strong in all situations to come be the best, so everyone looked up to them. We also discover in the play that Tybalt hates Romeo because he is of the Montague family. In Act 3 scene 1 Tybalt is furious at Romeos friends but mainly at Romeo because they gate crashed the Capulets party. Tybalt felt as if they were being imprudent towards the Capulets and their guests. So by doing this Tybalt agrees with Lord Capulet not to cause a fight but in his soliloquy he speaks out his revenge; Patience performance with whitful choler meeting makes my flesh tremble in their different greeting: I will withdraw, but this intrusion shall, Now seaming sweet, covert to bittrest gall. This is a key part of the play showing Tybalts volatile temper and how al though he had to retreat from fighting he will hold the grudge on to brings up on a later date. These lines cleverly used by Shakespeare to hint to the audience of what is to come. His actions throughout this scene seam to suggest that he is a catalyst for tragedy through his indignant attitude and family honour. After Benvolio and Mercutios small argument, true to Benvolios prediction, Tybalt and other Capulets arrive. Tybalt says to his companions to stay close follow me close, for I will speak to them. He says this because he wants them to belt up in case a fight breaks out. Tybalt greets his enemies Gentleman, good den, a word with one of you. The way he greats the Montagues shows that his purpose for arrival is strictly formal and not for fighting, Tybalts arrival and greeting irritates Mercutio who is already feeling irritated by the heat, and because they are enemies he takes it as an insult to be greeted by them. Mercutio also thinks that Tybalt is trying to intimidate him, which also makes him want to fight him. This is the start of the slow build up to the dramatic high point in the play. Shakespeare also shows how the conversation between Mercutio and Tybalt is getting less friendly from the way the language is used when they talk to each other, from you to thou. In Shakespearian t imes, it was ruder to address someone as thou then as you. Unusually Tybalt refuses to fight with Mercutio at this moment. The arrival of the Capulets makes a fight look more and more likely and Tybalts conversation with Mercutio makes it clear that he does not want to leave without one, so he deliberately twists Tybalts words to provoke him into having a fight And but one word with one of us? Couple it with something; make it a word and a blow. This may spark off anger in Tybalt because he is being made to look the fool because he doesnt actually want to fight with Mercutio. He still continues trying to provoke Tybalt into having a fight Consort? What, dost thou make us minstrels? Mercutio deliberately takes the word consort to mean a musical player, rather than a friend. He is goes to every extent to provoke Tybalt in to having a fight but the audience doesnt approve of the way he is proving Tybalt is aggressive. Mercutios language puns on what Tybalt says and insults him using his own words, Heres my fiddlestick, heres that shall make you dance At this point in the scene we only approve of what Mercut io is doing because of his language and wit, As Tybalt and Mercutio exchange verbal blows the excitement builds up and a fight seems almost inevitable. Neither of them wants to be humiliated by the other especially in front of the other men. At this point Benvolio intervenes because he doesnt want them to fight, he tells Mercutio and Tybalt that they are in the public and everyone can see them so either just drop the matter or fight somewhere else. We talk in the public haunt of men; either withdraw into some private place or reason coldly of your grievance or else depart. Here, all eyes gaze on us .Benvolio suggests that they take this somewhere private; Benvolio and the audience are worried that Mercutio and Tybalt could do something fatal given the situation; the intense heat but also bearing in mind Mercutios mad mood. This situation could go from worse to bad. Benvolios fear soon becomes reality Mercutio refuses to back off and replies; mens eyes were made to look, and let them look gaze. I will not budge for no mans pleasure I. Mercutio here is saying that Tybalt and his gang can stay because hes not going anywhere; he is again mocking Benvolio and taking no heed from him whatsoever. The I is used twice in this quote, which emphasises his stubbornness. After all the tension on stage between the characters, Romeo enters into this scene feeling peace loving and good-tempered. He is not in the mood for fighting with anyone. Whereas Mercutio and Tybalt are both in anger and provocative moods. Romeo is happy because he just got married to Juliet, but obviously the other characters on stage are unaware or this, at this point the audience knows more. The timing of Romeos entrance is very crucial as it gives the first sign of turning point of the play in my opinion. The mood of the audience changes from tense to worried and sympathetic. The audience now feel sorry for Romeo but also they want to know what he will do giving the thought that he has landed in a situation which has no intention of getting better. They feel sorry because he has to face a fight straight after his marriage, which no newly wed would ever think of doing. But now that Romeo had entered the scene there is no way that he could turn back, the audience is eager to know if he will live up to his reputation or be forgiving to Tybalt because to just married his cousin Juliet. Shakespeare is really building up tension here for the forthcoming tragedy. Here again we can link this to fate if Romeo hadnt entered the scene was not his fault that Mercutio died would we still have the same outcome? Would Romeo still be destined for the same fate, here again the audience are forced to rethink all the possibilities and also that is this really fate or just accidents happening one after the other. Tybalt now tries to provoke Romeo into having a fight; he uses Mercutios tactics by insulting him. Romeo, the love I bear thee can afford no better term than this: thou art a villain. Tybalt says that the only reason he loves him is because he is a villain, however Romeo doesnt have a clue what he is talking about because he is unaware that the only reason Tybalt is here because he wont let the fact slip that Romeo a Montague attended a Capulet party. By calling him a villain he really is insulting Romeo and is expecting Romeo to fire up and fight him at once, but so are the other characters on stage. The audience now really knows that this is going to be a tragedy and the outcome will be tragic despite all the possibilities. But everyone is surprised when Romeo replies calmly to Tybalts insult, but acknowledges that it is an insult, but makes it seem like to everyone it isnt. Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee doth much excuse the appertaining rage to such greeting, villain am I none; therefore farewell, I see thou knowest me not Romeo here is not only being patient but he is explaining to Tybalt that he knows that he is angry; hes not even showing any concern to the fact he has been insulted straight in his face. Here Shakespeare is again using dramatic irony; the audience again know more than the characters on stage. Shakespeare had Romeo tell Tybalt in a riddle rather then tell him straight, that he and Juliet have got married. The riddle makes it a lot more confusing for the people on stage. Tybalt continues to make it clear that he is expecting Romeo to fight he does in two different ways: Firstly by verbally challenging and insulting him and secondly by physically reacting; drawing his sword. Boy this shall not excuse the injuries thou hast done me, therefore turn and draw. Tybalt insults him by calling him a boy and at that time the word boy used to be used for slaves. Romeo replies in a riddle again so no one knows what he is talking about and think he is a coward trying to get out of a fight. He says he loves the Capulets just as much as he loves his own family. I do protest I never injured thee, but love thee better than thou canst devise. Till thou shalt know the reason of my love; and so good Capulet which I tender none so clearly as mine own will be satisfied. This establishes that Romeo wants to get on with Tybalt for the sake of his true love, Juliet. This shows the contrast between love and hate because Romeo wont fight because of his love for Juliet overpowers his hate for Tybalt. Mercutio intervenes because he knows Romeo wont fight and he doesnt want to be seen as a coward because he is friends with Romeo, also because feels the need for vengeance: Tybalt mocks him and Romeo, but Romeo will not fight so Mercutio feels it is his duty in honour of the Capulets to fight, Mercutio is also very hung up on the offensive remarks Tybalt said both about him and Romeo, so he makes it difficult for Tybalt to reject his challenge by insulting him and drawing swords. Tybalt then reacts by drawing his sword too, because he never backs out of a fight once provoked, Although we learn a lot about the power of hate in this scene, we also see the power of love and devotion towards friends. We see the powerful force of love when Romeo puts aside his hatred towards Montagues and refuses to fight Tybalt because they are now related because of his utmost adoration for Juliet Mercutio plays with Tybalts name by calling him a rat- catcher which in Elizabethan times was the lowest of all jobs. Here Shakespeare is using word play Mercutio is continuously taunting Tybalt and making a fool out of him in front of his own men. The audience are worried about Mercutio now due to his restless and rude behaviour and the fact that he has taken up a fight with Tybalt doesnt seem to cheer him up either. But bear in mind from here on Mercutios actions are due to lack of knowledge and foolishness, but also one might link this reputation and how Mercutio is trying to live up to the reputation of Montagues. In reply Tybalt says what wouldst thou have with me? Mercutio then says Good King of cats, nothing but one of your nine lives This is a sneer at Tybalts name as it is the name of the King of Cats in Reynard the Fox. Mercutios reference to one of Tybalts nine lives shows he is fighting to defend the Montague rather than to kill. The theme of conflict is made evident by copious use of swordplay throughout the play. This dramatic affect reminds the audience of the theme. Mercutio and Tybalt both draw their swords to create a dramatic effect. Shakespeares language suggests their reasons as he uses short speeches for Tybalt and long speeches for Mercutio. This annoys Mercutio as Tybalt pays no attention to him Romeo tries to break the fight between Mercutio and Tybalt by stepping between them in order to prevent them both from doing something stupid like getting injured or even killed. He tries telling them both that they are doing a shameful thing, but none of this does any good. Gentlemen, for shame, forbear this outrage! This shows that Romeo is beginning to get worried about the situation. His entrance also breaks up Tybalt and Mercutios argument and seems to calm Tybalt down. Romeo seems worried and anxious at the fact that he may be seen by someone nearby who may possibly tell the Prince. His anxiety sustains the tension in the scene. His intervention changes the outcome of the fight, if he had not interfered, Mercutio may have survived. Furthermore the audience and the characters on stage dont know it is fatal wound. Mercutio uses the word scratch to show that he is a tough man and a blow like that from Tybalt only feels like a scratch to him. He also says cat-scratch so he is insulting Tybalt even when wounded. Mercutio responds to Romeos intervention by shouting short words and phrases of abuse. His use of puns are not as light-hearted as they were at the beginning of the scene, he uses them more seriously to get at Romeo. Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man. Here, he uses curses as direct accusations towards both Romeo and Tybalt, which show his emotions. This means that come tomorrow and you will find me a dead man, it also means come tomorrow and youll find me a brave man. This shows that it is serious enough tis not so deep as a well, nor so wide as a church door. If he fell down a well he wouldnt b able to find his way out, and the only way he will be going through is through the church door in a coffin. Shakespeare has him saying and making theses jokes to show how even when fatally wounded Mercutio still wants to be the centre of attention Being attacked by a man who Mercutio calls a dog, a rat, a mouse, a cat to scratch a man to dead. A man who he thinks of lower in status to him annoys him because his reputation is tarnished. Shakespeare is suggesting that young men only fight to show who is stronger, to show who the real man is also to save their reputation. Mercutio gets really annoyed about the way he is injured because he was protecting his best friend but his best friend got in the way.Shakespeare is suggesting Mercutio is more bothered about his reputation. Mercutio is annoyed about the way he is injured. A baggort, a rouge a villain, that fights by the book of arithmetic, why devil you come between us? I was hurt under your arm. He is saying that Tybalt always plays by the rules and he is a low life. As he is dying he curses both households A plague o both your houses. Repeating this curse three times as he wants them to realize the impact of their actions, and will not forgive them. In the 1500s to do something three times was considered a kind of magical power which was believed to come true. The reason he does this is because he realizes that his forthcoming death is as a direct result of their feud. He tried to help the Montagues but did not receive anything in return. Mercutios death is a pivotal moment in the scene, there is an abrupt change in mood from the immediately previous scene, after he is killed by Tybalt. He is a character full of life and energy, making the scene comedic and humorous. When Mercutio is killed the tone to the rest of the play becomes more serious and violent. Changing the play from what seemed to be a comedy into a tragedy. At this point the audience would be shocked by, and angry with Tybalt as Mercutio was only joking with him. After Mercutio dies Romeo says my reputation stained meaning that he now has a bad reputation. Shakespeare has him saying this to show that all boys care about is what other people think of them and they dont care about anyone but themselves. Romeo is left alone on stage for a moment and speaks aloud. O sweet Juliet! Thy beauty hath made me effeminate, and in my temper softend valors steel! Romeos soliloquy reveals his thoughts and emotions to the audience. He is annoyed about what has happened to his best friend and will take it out on Tybalt. When Benvolio brings the news that Mercutio is dead, Romeo seeks out and slays Tybalt in revenge. Romeo blames Mercutios death partly on himself and feels guilty of his actions, ashamed that love has softened his bravery. The reason he acted the way he did was because of his marriage with Tybalts cousin. Shakespeare has him saying these to show young men are supposed to be brave and strong and he isnt. Romeo yet again is worried about what people think of him; also Shakespeare is asking the question why young men think being in love makes them soft. Benvolio praises Mercutio that gallant spirit hath aspired the clouds. As he thinks Mercutio was brave fighting like that but Shakespeare is being sarcastic and he wants the audience to think and ask questions like what is brave about picking a fight? At first it appears that Romeo is not going to avenge his friends death. This days black fate on moe days doth depend Romeo is saying that he is going to do nothing about his friends death and let others sort it out. Shakespeare has Tybalt return on stage as he wants the audience to think there is going to be another fight. Romeo is very angry with Tybalt because he has just killed his best friend so this fuels another fight in which Romeo wants to kill Tybalt. Shakespeare has Romeo speak with fury for the first time in the play and fiery eyed fury be my conduct of new he does this to show a different side of Romeo because all we have seen so far is a happy peaceful loving character. Romeo isnt a very good fighter but he is able to beat Tybalt in a fight . I think he is able to do this because he can fuel others to make them do things. When Tybalt returns, Romeo ignores his previous respectful attitude and instead challenges Tybalt, reminding him that it was he who killed Mercutio and consequently Tybalts soul must join his. Either thou, or I, or both, must go with him. His reason for killing Tybalt is simply because he loathes Tybalt for causing Mercutios death, and wants to show how annoyed he is by fighting Tybalt. It was common in the 1500s that a friend would avenge another friends life if it was taken away. Tybalt also speaks the language of hate to him. thou wretched boy he is still insulting Romeo as he fights him. He is trying to show Mercutios death hasnt troubled him in the slightest way. I think the audience would think Tybalt deserved it as he was just as bad as Mercutio in the sense that he insulted both Mercutio and Romeo, even though Romeo was trying to make peace between them by speaking words of love. The audience would also feel sympathetic towards Mercutio because he was only intending it to be a joke between him and Tybalt. The killing of Tybalt is simply the tail end of the climatically killing of Mercutio. Without Mercutios death, there is no need for Tybalts death. Perhaps Tybalts death is better described as the reason for Mercutio death. As soon as Tybalt falls to the ground, Romeo stands in a daze, realizing what he has done and is immediately shocked, stunned. He realizes he should not have said what he said, and should have thought about his actions more carefully, controlling his temper. O, I am fortunes fool. Here, Romeo regrets his actions and claims he is a victim of bad luck. The audience knows there is worse to come, but Romeo, himself, does not. This is an example of dramatic irony, where the audience knows what the character does not. Murdering Tybalt was a terrible thing to do because he was Juliets favourite cousin and also Romeo is now a part of the Capulet family and murdering Tybalt would surely mean the Capulets will be against him being accepted as one of them. Fate played a major role in this scene because the duel could have happened anywhere in Verona. The fact that it took place at the exact time and place where Romeo was heading could only have happened by fate. The line which is most telling to the theme of fate in this scene of Romeo and Juliet is. O, I am fortunes fool. At this point Romeo realizes his life is out of control. Right after Mercutios death Romeo says: This days black fate on mo days doth depend; Romeo knows fate has entered into his life and he wants to blame fortune for the two deaths that have just occurred, rather than to think about what he could have done to stop them occurring. The way in which the play is written perhaps makes us more sympathetic towards Romeo, because we know that he has just married Juliet, whilst the characters on stage do not. Romeo could have acted in a more sensible way to Tybalts challenge, instead of coming out with the words, which provoked Mercutio into violence. His intervention between Mercutio and Tybalt may have caused his friends death. His attempts to remain loyal to both his friends and his wife Juliet were doomed to failure. It is clear that conflict plays a major role in this scene of the play. The theme of conflict is expressed through both physical and verbal fighting as well as the interaction between characters and the use of wordplay. In this act of the play you have Juliets favourite cousin trying to kill Romeo, who is now married to Juliet and also related to Tybalt. By marrying Juliet Romeo has symbolically tried putting the feud behind him, but finds he cannot. When his best friend, Mercutio is killed by Tybalt, Romeo wants nothing but revenge which puts into action a series of events, one of them being his banishment from Verona, leading to a tragic end for the lovers. The Capulets and Montagues hate each other, Juliet has an arranged marriage to Paris, and there is a plague in the city of the messenger. So it is a case of both bad luck and fate that cause the deaths of Romeo and Juliet. This scene is important to the play as it is the pivotal scene and where loves turns into tragedy, misfortune and, of course, death. Where the mood and atmosphere of the play changes.